A winter photo shoot can turn out to be truly fabulous, atmospheric, but at the same time it has some difficulties in execution.
However, knowing a few tricks, following the recommendations of professionals, these difficulties can be dealt with.
Difficulties in implementing a photo shoot in winter
The most significant problem of winter photography is the rapid loss of battery power. Therefore, it is very important to check the battery supply immediately before shooting.
Another major problem is condensation. It occurs on the lenses of the lens, the electronic content of the camera. Accordingly, the camera should be carried openly, or in a bag-case.
It must be borne in mind that at sub-zero temperatures, the viscosity of the lubricant of the moving elements of the apparatus becomes greater, therefore, the duration of stay, the temperature range of using the camera, is greatly reduced.
If the screen began to work with a delay, focusing is much slower than usual, you will have to stop shooting.
If you are going to return to a warm room, you should put the camera in your bag. After entering the room, you should not open the bag, but leave it for a while in a cool place, away from heating appliances. Let it lie there for a couple of hours before heating.
The third difficulty is the falling snow. Water, which is obtained during melting, enters the gaps between the buttons, which is quite capable of causing a short circuit. When snow hits the camera, you just need to blow it off or sweep it away with a brush.
The lens also needs protection, it is best to put a cap on it using a lens hood, other means of protection. In addition, do not neglect the optics cleaning kit.
It is best to use one lens, installed in advance at home.
Winter street camera settings
In what mode to shoot?
Winter precipitation often makes the operation of camera automation inaccurate. She sees a white mass, like overexposure, so she brings the color of the snow in the frame to a grayish tone.
The only way to fix this is to adjust the exposure manually. It is marked with a “+/-” icon in the settings menu. The best option is to increase the exposure by one or two steps.
In winter, you do not need to shoot in automatic mode. It is advisable to choose “Shutter Priority” or manual.
At slow shutter speeds, the camera will blur the flying snowflakes, which will distort the beauty of the falling snow.
In order for the snow crystals to be distinguishable, the shutter speed must be set at least 1/250 s. And if the snowfall is heavy, even shorter – by 1/500 of a second. Then the result will not be overexposed white spots, but clear snow flakes.
It is a priority to adjust the white balance yourself, otherwise the snow will get a blue tint.
The RAW format is able to display the maximum amount of detail in the photo. In addition, it is possible to correct the photo in post-processing.
JPEG does not provide such great opportunities for image correction.
Light sensitivity settings (ISO) should be on the smallest values. In non-professional cameras, this figure should not exceed 800 units. Suitable values: 100-500 units.
Another useful tip: do not use a flash during the winter season. The snow has a cold tint, while the flash gives a warmer light.
Winter photography tips
If the photographer intends to shoot a person, you need to plan the entire shooting ahead of time in order to have time to take the required number of photos, because time is limited. In cold weather, the model will quickly freeze, and its appearance may change.
The best lighting is right after sunrise.
And frost is usually in the early morning or in the wee hours. If you plan to photograph the snow cover directly, it is also better to shoot it early in the morning, while it is fresh, clean, and untouched.
And yet, arriving at the shooting site early, you can catch the sunrise – and make a unique, contrasting photo with a warm golden sky and cold blue snow.
You should use optics with medium zoom values. So it is possible to capture trees, snow-covered roofs, well-defined statues, and other graphic objects against a clear sky.
It would be nice to introduce objects of bright colors into the frame to get a strong contrast with the snow.
If it’s snowing, you can try different shutter speeds. For example, slow makes it possible to fix the movement of snow, creating the effect of some kind of flicker.
Working in Shutter Priority mode, you can quickly apply different settings. Normal shutter speed is suitable for use in calm weather, within 1/15 sec or slower. If the wind is strong, you should select a higher shutter speed.